300 most common Latin words

This Latin vocabulary selection is based on Paul Diederich's 300 most frequent Latin words, from his 1938 dissertation, "The frequency of Latin words and their endings". I added definitions and some grammatical information. Such frequency lists invariably depend on the selection of texts, but a 300 word list is short enough to be a good representation of most common words for all types of texts. If you would like to learn about a creative way to expand your vocabulary, please take a look at the 180-page book "Mnemonic Latin".

You may also find it useful to be mindful of the many Latin derivatives in the English language. Sometimes a familiar English word can be your key to learning a Latin root. Vice versa, Latin roots can help greatly improve your English vocabulary.

ab (a) + abl. - away from, from; by (preposition): abject, abjure, abnormal, aborigine, absent, abstract
abeo, abire, abii, abitum - to go away, depart; to die; to disappear (verb): abient
absens, absentis - absent, away (adjective): absent

accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum - to come to, approach; to agree (verb): accede, accedence, access
accido, accidere, accidi - to fall upon; happen; occur (verb): accident, accidental
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum - to take, receive; to let in (verb): accept, acceptable, acceptance, acceptant, acceptive

acer, acris, acre - sharp, keen, eager, severe (adjective): acerose
acerbus, a, um - harsh, bitter, grievous (adjective): acerbity
ad - to, near to, toward, at (preposition): addition

adeo, adire, adii, aditum - to go to, approach (verb): adient (psych.)
adfero, adferre, attuli, allatum - to bring to (verb): afferent
adiuvo, adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutum - to help (verb): adjuvant

admitto, admittere, admisi, admissum - to admit, receive, let in (verb): admit, admission
adulescens, adulescentis, m. - youth; young man (noun): adolescense
adulescentia, adulescentiae, f. - youth (noun): adolescence

advenio, advenire, adveni, adventum - to come; arrive, reach (verb): advene, advent, adventist
adversus, a, um - opposite, adversary (adjective): adverse, adversity
aedificium, aedificii, n. - building, structure (noun): edifice, edify

aequus, a, um - level, even; calm; equal, just (adjective): equal, equate, equity
aes, aeris, n. - bronze (noun): aerose
aestimo, aestimare, aestimavi, aestimatum - to consider, esteem; to judge (verb): esteem

aetas, aetatis, f. - period, time of life, age (noun): eternal, eternity
aeternus, a, um - eternal (adjective): eternal, eternity
affero, afferre, attuli, allatus - to bring to; carry; produce (verb): afferent

ager, agri, m. - field (noun): acre, agral
aggredior, aggredi, aggressus sum - approach, advance; attack; undertake (verb): aggressive, aggressor
ago, agere, egi, actum - to drive, lead, do, act; pass, spend (time)

(verb): navigate, transaction
ago, agere, egi, actus - drive, urge, conduct; deliver (speech) (verb): act, active, agent, agile, agitate
agricola, agricolae, m. - farmer (noun): agriculture

alius, alia, aliud - other, another (adjective): alias, aliety, else
alo, alere, alui, altum - to nourish, support, sustain (verb): altricial
alter, altera, alterum - the other (of two); second (adjective): alter, alterate

ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi, ambulatum - to walk (verb): ambulation, preambulate
amica, amicae, f. - friend (noun): amicable
amicitia, amicitiae, f. - friendship (noun): amity

amicus, a, um - friendly (adjective): amicable, amity
amicus, amici, m. - friend (noun): amicable
amo, amare, amavi, amatum - to love, like (verb): amateur, amiable, amity, amicable, amorous

amor, amoris, m. - love (noun): amorous
anima, animae, f. - soul, spirit (noun): animism, animal
animadverto, animadvertere, animadverti, animadversum - pay attention to, attend to; notice, observe (verb): animadversion, animadvert

animal, animalis, n. - animal (noun): animal, animalist
animi, animorum, m. - pride, high spirits, courage (noun): animated
animus, animi, m. - soul, spirit (noun): animate, animist, unanimous

annus, anni, m. - year (noun): annual, annuity
ante + acc. - before, in front of (preposition): antebellum
antiquus, a, um - ancient (adjective): antiquity

aperio, aperire, aperui, apertum - uncover, open, disclose (verb): aperture, overt
appareo, apparere, apparui, apparitum - appear, show up, occur (verb): apparent, appear
appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatum - to call, name (verb): appellation, appellate

aqua, aquae, f. - water (noun): aquatic, aquapark
arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum - to judge, think (verb): arbiter, arbitrary
arbor, arboris, f. - tree (noun): arboral, arborist

argumentum, argumenti, n. - proof, evidence, argument (noun): argument, argumentation
arma, armorum, n. - arms, weapons (noun): arms, armory, army
ars, artis, f. - skill, art (noun): art, artful, artistic, artisan

as, assis, m. - an as (ancient coin) (noun): as
asper, aspera, asperum - rough, harsh, bitter (adjective): asperity, exasperate
Athenae, Athenarum, f. - Athens (noun): Athens

auctor, auctoris, m. - author, originator; supporter (noun): author, auctorial, authority
audax, audacis - bold, daring; courageous; rash (adjective): audacious
audeo, audere, ausus sum - to dare (verb): audacity, audacious

audio, audire, audivi, auditum - to hear (verb): audio, audience
auditor, auditoris, m. - listener, hearer (noun): auditory
aura, aurae - breeze, wind, air; vapor (noun): aura

aureus, a, um - golden; gilded; beautiful (adjective): aureate, auric
auris, auris, f. - ear (noun): ear (cognate), aural
aurum, auri, n. - gold; riches (noun): aureate, auric

auxilium, auxilii, n. - aid, help (noun): auxiliary
avarus, a, um - greedy, avaricious (adjective): avarice, avaricious
averto, avertere, averti, aversum - to avert, turn away (verb): avert, aversion

basium, basii, n. - kiss (noun): basiate
beatus, a, um - happy, fortunate, blessed (adjective): beatify
bellum, belli, n. - war (noun): bellicose, belliferous, rebel, antebellum

bellus, a, um - pretty, handsome (adjective): belladonna, beauty, belle
bene - well, satisfactorily, quite (adverb): benediction
beneficium, beneficii, n. - benefit, kindness, favor (noun): beneficial, beneficiary

bibo, bibere, bibi - to drink (verb): imbibe, bibition
bonus, a, um - good; kind (adjective): bonus, bonify
brevis, breve - short, brief (adjective): breve, brief, brevity

cado, cadere, cecidi, casum - to fall (verb): decadence, incident
caecus, a, um - blind (adjective): cecity (obsolete)
caelum, caeli, n. - heaven, sky (noun): celestial

Caesar, Caesaris, m. - Caesar (noun): Kaiser, tsar
calamitas, calamitatis - disaster, calamity (noun): calamity, calamitous
campus, campi m. - plain, level field, surface (noun): camp, campaign, champion

candidus, a, um - shining, bright, white; beautiful (adjective): candid, candidate
cano, canere, cecini, cantum - sing, celebrate, chant; recite (verb): cantata, chant, enchant
capio, capere, cepi, captum - to capture, take, get (verb): capture, perception

caput, capitis, n. - head; leader; beginning (noun): capitulate, capitol
careo, carere, carui, cariturum - to be without, lack, be deprived from (verb): carency (obsolete)
carmen, carminis, n. - poem, song (noun): charm

carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptum - to harvest, pluck, seize (verb): carp, excerpt
Carthago, Carthaginis, f. - Carthage (noun): Carthage, Carthaginian
carus, a, um - dear (adjective): caress, charity

casa, casae, f. - house (noun): casino
casus, casus f. - fall, overthrow; chance; accident (noun): case, casual
causa + gen. - for the sake of, on account of (preposition): cause, causal, causation

causa, causae, f. - cause, reason; case, situation (noun): cause, causal, causation
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum - to go, withdraw; yield to, grant, submit (verb): cease, cession, secede, recede
celer, celeris, celere - swift, quick (adjective): celerity

celeritas, celeritatis f. - speed, quickness; speed of action, haste (noun): celerity
cella, cellae f. - room; storeroom (noun): cell, cellar
celo, celare, celavi, celatum - conceal; disguise; keep in the dark (verb): cell, cellar, conceal, occult

cena, cenae, f. - dinner (noun): cenacle
ceno, cenare, cenavi, cenatum - to dine (verb): cenation, cenacle
centum - hundred (adjective): centenial, cent, percent, centipede

cerno, cernere, crevi, cretum - to distinguish, discern, perceive (verb): concern, discern
certus, a, um - definite, sure, certain (adjective): certain
ceteri, ceterae, cetera - the remaining, the rest, the other, all the others (adjective): et cetera

cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctum - to surround, gird; equip (verb): ceinture, precinct
civis, civis, m. & f. - citizen (noun): civil, civilian, civic, city
civitas, civitatis, f. - state, citizenship (noun): civity, civilian, civilization

clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatum - to proclaim, declare; shout out (verb): claim, exclaim, proclaim
clarus, a, um - clear, bright; famous, illustrious (adjective): clear, clarity, clarify
clementia, clementiae, f. - mercy, mildness, clemency (noun): clemency, clement

cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatum - to think (verb): cogitation, cogitable, precogitate
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitum - to learn, recognize; know (perf. tenses) (verb): cognition, cognizance
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactum - to drive together, bring together, force, compel (verb): coact, cogent

colloquor, colloqui, collocutus sum - to speak with; talk over (verb): colloquial, collocution
comes, comitis - comrade, companion (noun): comestible, comitatus
committo, committere, commisi, commissum - to entrust, commit; join (verb): commit, commission

communis, commune - common, general (adjective): common, community
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehensi, comprehensum - to grasp, seize, arrest;comprehend, understand (verb): comprehend, comprehension
condo, condere, condidi, conditum - to put together, store; found, establish (verb): condition

confero, conferre, contuli, collatum - to bring together, compare; to go (+reflex.) (verb): confer, conference
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectum - to make, complete, accomplish; do thoroughly (verb): comfit, confecture, conficient
confiteor, confiteri, confessus sum - to confess, admit, acknowledge, reveal (verb): confess, confession, confide

coniunx, coniugis c. - spouse; husband, wife (noun): conjugal
coniuratus, coniurati, m. - conspirator (noun): conjurate (obsolete)
conor, conari, conatus sum - to try, attempt (verb): conation, conatus

conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatum - to preserve, conserve, maintain (verb): conservation, conservative
consilium, consilii, n. - plan, purpose; advice (noun): consul, consiliary, counsel
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutum - to set up; locate; decide, resolve; establish (verb): constitute, constitution

consul, consulis, m. - consul (noun): consul, consulate
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptum - to consume, use up (verb): consume, consumption
contemno, contemnere, contempsi, contemptum - to despise, condemn (verb): condemn, condemnation

contendo, contendere, contendi, contentum - to strive, struggle, contend; hasten (verb): contend, contention
contineo, continere, continui, contentum - to contain (verb): contain, container, content
contra + acc. - against (preposition): contrast, contraverse, contraband

contundo, contundere, contudi, contusum - to beat, crush, bruise, destroy (verb): contuse, contusion
copia, copiae, f. - abundance, supply (noun): copious
copiae, copiarum, f. - troops, forces (noun): copious

cornu, cornus, n. - horn (noun): cornucopia, corn, cornual, unicorn
corona, coronae f. - crown, garland; wealth (noun): crown, coronal
corpus, corporis, n. - body (noun): corpse, corporal, corporation, incorporate

cras - tomorrow (adverb): procrastinate
credo, credere, credidi, creditum - to believe, trust (verb): credible, credence, creed
creo, creare, creavi, creatum - to create (verb): create, recreate, creature

cresco, crescere, crevi, cretum - to increase (verb): crescent, cresdendo, increase
crudelis, crudele - cruel, severe; harsh, bitter (noun): crude, cruel
culpa, culpae, f. - fault, blame (noun): culpable, exculpate

culpo, culpare, culpavi, culpatum - to blame, censure (verb): culpable, exculpate
cum + abl. - with (preposition): vademecum
cum + subj. - when, since, although (conjunction): combine, cum laude

cupiditas, cupiditatis, f. - desire, longing, passion (noun): cupidity
cupido, cupidinis, f. - desire, passion (noun): cupid, cupidinous
cupidus, a, um - desirous, eager, fond;desirous of,eager for(+gen.)

(adjective): cupid, cupidity
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitum - to desire, wish, long for (verb): cupid, concupiscence
cura, curae, f. - care, attention; love; anxiety (noun): "care, manicure, secure, sinecure (""without care"")"

curo, curare, curavi, curatum - to care for, attend to; heal, cure; take care (verb): cure, curator
curro, currere, cucurri, cursum - to run, rush (verb): current, concourse
cursus, cursus, m. - running, race, course (noun): course, concourse

custodia, custodiae, f. - protection, custody; pl., guards (noun): custody
custos, custodis c. - to guard, watch; keeperl jailer (noun): custodian
damno, damnare, damnavi, damnatum - to condemn, harm; find fault (verb): damn, damnable, indemn

dea, deae, f. - goddess (noun): deity, deify
debeo, debere, debui, debitum - to owe; ought (verb): debt
decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretum - to decree; to separate (verb): decern, decree, dectetion

decorus, a, um - beautiful; adorned; proper, noble (adjective): decor, decorate
dedico, dedicare, dedicavi, dedicatum - to dedicate (verb): dedicate, dedication
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensum - to ward off, defend, protect (verb): defend, defence

defero, deferre, detuli, delatum - to carry off; transfer; reduce; offer (verb): defer, deference
delectatio, delectationis, f. - delight, pleasure, enjoyment (noun): delight, delectable
delecto, delectare, delectavi, delectatum - to delight, charm, please (verb): delight, delectable

deleo, delere, delevi, deletum - to destroy, wipe out, erase (verb): delete, delition
deligo, deligere, delegi, delectum - to choose, select; enrol (verb): delectus
demens, dementis - demented, mad; foolish (adjective): demented, dementia

demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum - to point out, show, demonstrate (verb): demonstrate
desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratum - to desire, long for, miss (verb): desire, desideratum, desirable
desino, desinere, desivi, desitum - to give up; abandon, cease, desist (verb): desition

deterreo, deterrere, deterrui, deterritum - to deter; frighten away, discourage (verb): deter, deterrent
deus, dei, m. - god (noun): deity
dexter, dextra, dextrum - right, right-hand (adjective): dexter, dexterity, ambidexter

dico, dicere, dixi, dictum - to say, speak (verb): dictate, diction, dedicate
dies, diei, m. - day (noun): day (cognate), diary
differo, differre, distuli, dilatum - to differ; delay; disperse (verb): differ, difference

difficilis, difficile - difficult (adjective): difficult
digitus, digiti, m. - finger, toe (noun): digit, digital
dignitas, dignitatis, f. - merit, prestige, dignity (noun): dignity

dignus, a, um + abl. - worthy, worthy of (adjective): dignity, dignify
diligens, diligentis - diligent, careful (adjective): diligence, diligent
diligentia, diligentiae f. - diligencee, care; frugality (noun): diligence, diligent

diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectum - to esteem, love (verb): delight, predelection, delectable
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum - to go away, depart (verb): decease, discess, discession
discipula, discipulae, f. - student (female) (noun): disciple, discipline

discipulus, discipuli, m. - student (noun): disciple, discipline
disco, discere, didici - to teach (verb): disciple
dissimilis, dissimile - unlike, different, dissimilar (adjective): dissimilar

dives, divitis (ditis) - rich (adjective): divitism
divitiae, divitiarum, f. - wealth, riches (noun): divitiate (obsolete)
do, dare, dedi, datum - to give (verb): data, dative, donate

doceo, docere, docui, doctum - to teach (verb): docile, doctor
doctus, a, um - taught, learned, skilled (adjective): doctor, docile
doleo, dolere, dolui, doliturum - to grieve, suffer; hurt, give pain (verb): dolent, indolence, condole

dolor, doloris, m. - pain, grief (noun): dolor, dolorous
domi - at home (adverb): domestic
domina, dominae, f. - mistress, lady (noun): dominate, dominant

dominus, domini, m. - master, lord (noun): dominate, dominant
domo - from home (adverb): domestic
domum - to home (adverb): domestic

domus, domus, f. - house, home (noun): domestic
donum, doni, n. - gift (noun): donate, doniferous
dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitum - to sleep (verb): dormitory, dormant

dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatum - to doubt, hesitate (verb): doubt, dubitable
dubium, dubii n - doubt, question (noun): dubious, doubt
dubius, a, um - doubtful, dubious, uncertain (adjective): dubious, doubt

duco, ducere, duxi, ductum - to lead; consider, regard (verb): duct, induce, produce
dulcis, dulce - sweet, pleasant, agreeable (adjective): dulcify
duo, duae, duo - two (adjective): two (cognate)

durus, a, um - hard, harsh, rough, stern, unfeeling (adjective): durable, perdure
dux, ducis, m. - leader, guide, commander, general (noun): duke, doge, ducal
educo, educare, educavi, educatum - to bring up, educate; bring out (verb): educate

effero, efferre, extuli, elatum - to carry out; bring out; raise (verb): elate, elation
egeo, egere, egui + abl. - to need, lack, want (verb): egence (rare)
ego, mei - I (pronoun): ego, egotistic

egredior, egredi, egressus sum - to go out (verb): egress, egredient (obsolete)
elephantus, elephanti, m. - elephant (noun): elephant, elephantine
emo, emere, emi, emptum - to buy; gain, obtain (verb): emptor, emporium, emptitious (obsolete)

eo, ire, ivi (ii), itum - to go (verb): exit, circuit
equus, equi, m. - horse (noun): equestrian, equine
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptum - to snatch away, take away; rescue (verb): ereption

erro, errare, erravi, erratum - to wander, err, go astray (verb): error, erroneous
est - is (verb): essence
et - and (conjunction): "et cetera (""and so on"")"

ex (e) +abl. - out of, from; on account of (preposition): excavate, exit
excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptum - to take out, except; take, receive, capture (verb): except, excipient (obsolete)
exemplar, exemplaris n. - model, pattern, example; copy (noun): exemplar, example

exemplum, exempli n/ - sample, specimen, representative; model (noun): example
exeo, exire, exii, exitum - to go out, exit (verb): exit
exercitus, exercitus, m. - army (noun): exercise, exercite (obsolete)

exigo, exigere, exegi, exactum - to drive out, force out; exact; complete, perfect (verb): exact, exigent, exiguous
exiguus, a, um - small; meager; poor (adjective): exiguous, exiguity
exitium, exitii, n. - destruction, ruin (noun): exit

exorior, exoriri, exortus sum - to come out; bring; appear; rise (verb): exortion
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum - to drive out, expel, banish (verb): expell
experior, experiri, expertus sum - to try, test, experience (verb): experience, expert

expleo, explere, explevi, expletum - to fill, fill up, complete (verb): expletory
explico, explicare, explicavi, explicatum - to unfold, explain; spread out, deploy (verb): explicate
expono, exponere, exposui, expositum - to set forth, explain, expose (verb): expose, exponible, exponent

exsilium, exsilii, n. - exile, banishment (noun): exile
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatum - to look for, expect, await (verb): expect
fabula, fabulae, f. - story, tale, fable (noun): fable, fabulist, fabular

facile - easily (adverb): facile, facility, facilitate
facilis, facile - easy, agreeable (adjective): facile, facility, facilitate
facio, facere, feci, factum - to make, do, accomplish (verb): facsimile, fact

factum, facti, n. - deed, act (noun): fact
fama, famae, f. - rumor, report; fame; reputation (noun): fame, famouse
familia, familiae, f. - family, household (noun): family, familiar

fateor, fateri, fassus sum - to confess, admit (verb): fassion (obsolete), profess, confess
fatigo, fatigare, fatigavi, fatigatum - to weary, tire out (verb): fatigue
fatum, fati, n. - fate, death (noun): fate, fatal

faveo, favere, favi, fautum - to favor, befriend, support, back up (verb): favor, favorable
felix, felicis - lucky, fortunate, happy (adjective): felicity, felicitate
femina, feminae, f. - woman (noun): feminine, effeminate, female

fenestra, fenestrae, f. - window (noun): fenestral (obsolete), defenestrate
fero, ferre, tuli, latum - to bear, carry, bring; suffer, endure; say, report (verb): refer, defer, confer
ferox, ferocis - fierce, savage (adjective): ferocious, ferocity

ferrum, ferri, n. - iron; sword (noun): ferreous
fidelis, fidele - faithful, loyal (adjective): fidelity, infidel
fides, fidei, f. - faith, trust, fidelity, promise, guarantee (noun): fidelity, fideist, bona fide

figura, figurae f. - shape, form, figure, image; beauty (noun): fugure, transfigure, configuration
filia, filiae, f. - daughter (noun): filial, filicide
filius, filii, m. - son (noun): filiety, filial

fines, finium, m. - boundaries, territory (noun): finish, finite, infinity
finis, finis, m. - end, limit, boundary, purpose (noun): finish, finite
fio, fieri, factus sum - to occur, happen, become; be made, be done (verb): fiat

firmus, a, um - firm, strong, reliable (adjective): firm, affirm
flamma, flammae f. - flame, blaze; ardor; object of love; (noun): flame, flammable
flumen, fluminis, n. - river (noun): flume, fluminal (obsolete)

fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxum - to flow (verb): fluxm fluid, affluent, influx
foedus, foederis n. - treaty, agreement, contract; league (noun): federation, federal
for, fari, fatus sum - to speak, talk, foretell (verb): confess, facundity

foris - outdoors, outside (adverb): forum
forma, formae, f. - form, shape, beauty (noun): form, formation, conform, formose
fortis, forte - strong, brave (adjective): force, fortify

fortuna, fortunae, f. - fortune, luck (noun): fortune
fortunatus, a, um - fortunate (adjective): fortune, fortunate
forum, fori, n. - marketplace, forum (noun): forum

foveo, fovere, fovi, fotum - to cherish (verb): fovent, foment
frater, fratris, m. - brother (noun): fraternity, friar, fraternal, fraternize, fratricide
frigidus, a, um - cold, cool, chilly, frigid; lifeless (adjective): fridgid

fructus, fructus, m. - fruit (noun): fruit, fructify
fuga, fugae f. - flight; escape; exhile (noun): fugitive
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugiturum - to flee, hurry away (verb): fugitive, refuge

fulgeo, fulgere, fulsi - to flash, shine; glow, gleam (verb): fulgent, fulgently
fulgor, fulgoris n. - lightening, flash; brightness, glory (noun): fulgour (obsolete), fulgorous
furtim - stealthily, secretly (adverb): furtive

gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum - to be glad, rejoice (verb): gaudibund (obsolete)
gaudium, gaudii n. - joy (noun): gaudy, gaudious (obsolete)
geminus, a, um - twin (adjective): geminate, gemination

gens, gentis, f. - clan, race, nation, people (noun): generation
genu, genus, n. - knee (noun): genual, genuflect, knee (cognate)
genus, generis, n. - origin, kind, sort, class (noun): generic, generate

gero, gerere, gessi, gestum - to carry, manage, conduct; accomplish (verb): belligerant, gesture, suggest
gladius, gladii m. - sword (noun): gladiolus, gladiator
gloria, gloriae, f. - glory, fame (noun): glory, glorify

gracilis, gracile - slender, thin; poor (adjective): grace
gradior, gradi, gressus sum - to walk, go, advance (verb): gradient, digress
gratus, a, um - pleasing, agreeable; grateful (adjective): grace, gratify, gratitude

gravis, grave - heavy, serious, important, grievous (adjective): grave, gravity, aggreviate
habeo, habere, habui, habitum - to have, hold, possess (verb): habit, have (cognate)
hasta, hastae, f. - spear (noun): hastiform, hastile (botany)

hic, haec, hoc - this (adjective): haeceity
hodie - today (adverb): hodiern
homo, hominis, m. - man, human (noun): homicide, hominoid

honestus, a, um - distinguished, reputable, respected; worthy (adjective): honest, honesty
honor, honoris, m. - honor, esteem; public office (noun): honor, honorable
hora, horae, f. - hour (noun): hour

horridus, a, um - wild, frightful, rough; unkempt (adjective): horrid, horridly, horrify
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum - to encourage, urge (verb): exhort, exhortation
hospes, hospitis m. - host; guest, visitor, stranger (noun): host, hospitable

hostis, hostis, m. - an enemy; pl., the enemy (noun): host, hosticide, hostile
humanus, a, um - human (adjective): human, humanist
humilis, humile - lowly, humble (adjective): humility, humiliate

humus, humi, f. - ground, earth, soil (noun): humble, exhume, posthumous
iaceo, iacere, iacui - to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead (verb): adjacent
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactum - to throw, hurl (verb): eject

ianua, ianuae, f. - door (noun): janitor
ibi - there (adverb): ibidem
idem, eadem, idem - the same (adjective): identity, identify, identical

idoneus, a, um - suitable, fit, appropriate (adjective): idoneity
ignis, ignis, m. - fire (noun): ignite, ignition
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotum + dat. - to grant pardon to, forgive (verb): ignoscible (obsolete)

ille, illa, illud - that (adjective): illeism
immortalis, immortale - immortal (adjective): immortal, immortality
impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditum - to impede, hinder, prevent (verb): impede

imperator, imperatoris, m. - general, commander-in-chief (noun): emperator
imperium, imperii, n. - power to command, authority, command, control (noun): empire, emperor
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatum + dat. - to give orders to, command (verb): imperative, emperor

impius, a, um - wicked, impious, irreverent (adjective): impious, impiety
impleo, implere, implevi, impletum - to fill up, satisfy; finish (verb): implement, implete
in + abl. - in, on (preposition): in (cognate)

in + acc. - into, toward; against (preposition): introduce, impose
incertus, a, um - uncertain, doubtful (adjective): uncertain
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptum - to begin (verb): inception, incipient

incola, incolae m. - inhabitant (noun): incolary (obsolete)
incolo, incolere, incolui - to live, dwell; to inhabit (verb): incolant (obsolete)
indignus, a, um - unworthy, undeserving, shameful (noun): indignity, indignant

ineo, inire, inii, initum - to go in, enter (verb): inition (rare)
infelix, infelicis - unfortunate, unhappy, wretched (adjective): infelicity
infero, inferre, intuli, inlatum - bring in, import; inflict (verb): infer, inferrance

infirmus, a, um - not strong, weak, feeble (adjective): infirmity
ingenium, ingenii, n. - nature, innate talent (noun): ingenious, ingenuity
ingens, ingentis - huge (adjective): ingent (obsolete)

ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum - advance, walk; enter, go into; begin (verb): ingress, ingredient, ingressive
inimicitia, inimicitiae f. - unfriendliness, enmity, hostility (noun): enmity, inimicable
inimicus, a, um - enemy, foe (adjective): enemy, inimicable

initium, initii, n. - beginning, commencement (noun): initial, initiation
iniuria, iniuriae, f. - injustice, injury, wrong (noun): injury
insidiae, insidiarum, f. - ambush, plot, treachery (noun): insidiary, insidious

instituo, instituere, institui, institutum - to set up, establish, make, institute; build (verb): institute
insula, insulae, f. - island (noun): isle, insular, insulate
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum - to understand (verb): intelligent

intendo, intendere, intendi, intentum - to hold out; stretch, strain, exert (verb): intend, intensive
inter + acc. - between, among (preposition): intermission, interstate
interest, interesse, interfuit - it concerns, it interests (verb): interest

interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectum - to kill, murder (verb): interfection (rare)
invado, invadere, invasi, invasum - enter, attempt; invade (verb): invade, invasion
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventum - to come upon, find (verb): invent

invideo, invidere, invidi, invisum - to look at with envy, envy, be jealous of (verb): invidious
invidia, invidiae, f. - envy, jealousy, hatred (noun): invidious
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatum - to invite, summon (verb): invite

ipse, ipsa, ipsum - -self (intensive) (pronoun): ipseity, solipsism
ira, irae, f. - anger, ire (noun): irate, ire
iratus, a, um - angry (adjective): ire, irate

iter, itineris, n. - road, route, journey (noun): itinerary
iterum - again (adverb): iterate
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum - to bid, order, command (verb): jussive

iucundus, a, um - pleasant, delightful, agreeable (adjective): jucund (obsolete)
iudex, iudicis, m. - judge, juror (noun): judge, judicial
iudicium, iudicii, n. - judgement, decision, opinion; trial (noun): judgement, judiciary

iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctum - to join (verb): join, junction, yoke (cognate)
ius, iuris, n. - right, justice, law (noun): just, justice, juror
iussum, iussi n. - command, order (noun): jussive

iustus, a, um - just, right (adjective): just, justify
iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum - to help (verb): juvate
labor, labi, lapsus sum - slip, slip and fall; slide (verb): lapse, collapse

labor, laboris, m. - work, labor (noun): labor
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratum - to labor, be in distress (verb): labor, laborious, labouring
lacrima, lacrimae, f. - tear (noun): lachrymose, lachrymal

laetus, a, um - happy, cheerful (adjective): laetable (obsolete)
Latinus, a, um - Latin (adjective): Latin, latinize
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatum - to praise (verb): laudatory, laudable, laudify

laus, laudis, f. - praise (noun): laudify
lector, lectoris, m. - reader (noun): lector, lectorate
lectrix, lectricis, f. - reader (female) (noun): lectrice, lectorate

legatus, legati m. - legate, envoy (noun): legate, delegate
lego, legere, legi, lectum - to pick out, choose; read (verb): lectore, legate, collect
levis, leve - light, slight, easy, trivial (adjective): levity, alleve, relieve

lex, legis, f. - law, statute (noun): legislation, legal
libellus, libelli, m. - little book (noun): libel
liber, libera, liberum - free (adjective): liberty, liberate

liber, libri, m. - book (noun): library
liberalis, liberale - relating to a free person, decent, generous (adjective): liberal, liberate
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatum - to free, liberate (verb): liberate, liberty, liberal

libertas, libertatis, f. - liberty, freedom (noun): liberty, liberal
libo, libare, libavi, libatum - to pour a libation; to pour ritually; to sip (verb): libation
licet, licere, licuit - it is permitted, one may (verb): videlicet, scilicet

limen, liminis, n. - threshold (noun): preliminary, eliminate, sublime
lingua, linguae, f. - tongue; language (noun): language, linguist
littera, litterae, f. - letter (of alphabet) (noun): letter, literature. Literate

litterae, litterarum, f. - letter, literature (noun): literature
litus, litoris, n. - shore, coast (noun): littoral
loca, locorum, n. - places, region (noun): local, locality, localize

locus, loci, m. - place; passage (in literature) (noun): local, locality, localize
longus, a, um - long; a long period of time (adjective): long, longevity, prolongate
loquor, loqui, locutus sum - to say, speak, tell (verb): locution, eloquent

ludus, ludi, m. - game, sport; school (noun): prelude, interlude
lumen, luminis n. - light (noun): luminous
luna, lunae, f. - moon (noun): lunar, lunatic

lux, lucis, f. - light; daylight (noun): Lucifer, lucific
magister, magistri, m. - teacher (male) (noun): master, magisterial, magistricide
magistra, magistrae, f. - teacher (female) (noun): master, magisterial, magistricide

magnanimus, a, um - great-hearted, brave, magnanimous (adjective): magnanimous
magnus, a, um - great, large (adjective): magnate, magnify
maior, maius - greater, older (adjective): major, mayor, majority, majorat

maiores, maiorum - ancestors (noun): majority (as in 'join the majority', to die)
male - badly (adverb): malefact, malpractice, malevolent
malus, a, um - bad, wicked, evil (adjective): malfunction, dismal

maneo, manere, mansi, mansum - to remain, stay (verb): remain, manor, permanent
manus, manus, f. - hand; team, band of soldiers (noun): manual, manuscript, manipulate
mare, maris, n. - sea (noun): marine, maritime

mater, matris, m. - mother (noun): mother (cognate), maternal, maternity
maximus, a, um - greatest (adjective): maximum, maximize
medica, medicae, f. - doctor (noun): medic, medicine, medicate

medicus, medici, m. - doctor (noun): medic, medicine, medicate
mediocris, mediocre - ordinary, moderate, mediocre (adjective): mediocre, mediocrity
medius, a, um - middle (adjective): media, medium, middle, mediate

melior, melius - better (adjective): meliorism, meliorate, ameliorate
memini, meminisse - to remember (verb): memento
memor, memoris - rememgering, mindful (adjective): memoral, memory, remember

memoria, memoriae, f. - memory (noun): memory, memorial
mens, mentis, f. - mind, thought; intention (noun): mental, mentality
mensa, mensae, f. - table (noun): mensa (ecclesiastic), commensal

merus, a, um - pure, undiluted (adjective): mere
meta, metae, f. - turning post, goal (noun): mete
metus, metus, m. - fear, anxiety (noun): meticulous

meus, a, um - my (adjective): my (cognate)
miles, militis, m. - soldier (noun): military, militia, militant
mille, milia - thousand (adjective): millenium, millepede

minimus, a, um - smallest, least (adjective): minimum, minimize
minor, minus - smaller, less (adjective): minor, minority
minuo, minuere, minui, minutum - to lessen, diminish (verb): minute, diminish, minution

mirabilis, mirabile - amazing, wondrous, remarkable (adjective): mirabilia, marvel
miror, mirari, miratus sum - to marvel at, admire, wonder (verb): mirror, admire, miracle
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtum - to mix (verb): miscellaneous, mix, promiscuous

miser, misera, miserum - miserable, wretched (adjective): miser, miserable, misery
misereor, misereri, miseritus sum - to pity, feel sorry for; view with compassion (verb): misery, commiserate
miseret, miserere, miserit - it distresses/grieves me (verb): misery, commiserate

mitto, mittere, misi, missum - to send (verb): mission, transmit
modus, modi, m. - measure, bound, limit; manner, method, mode (noun): mode, modal, accommodate
moenia, moenium, n. - city walls, ramparts (noun): munition, munite (obsolete)

molior, moliri, molitus sum - to work at, build, undertake, plan (verb): molition, amolition (obsolete)
mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitum - to soften; make calm (verb): mollient, molliable (obsolete)
moneo, monere, monui, monitum - to warn, advise (verb): admonish, monitor

mons, montis, m. - mountain (noun): mountain, mountiform
monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratum - to show; point out, reveal; advise, teach (verb): monster, monstrate, demonstrate
monumentum, monumenti, n. - monument (noun): monument, monumental

mora, morae, f. - delay (noun): moratory
morbus, morbi, m. - disease, illness (noun): morbid
morior, mori, mortuus sum - to die (verb): morient, commorient

moror, morari, moratus sum - to delay; stay, stay behind; devote attention to (verb): demur, immoration (obsolete)
mors, mortis, f. - death (noun): mortal, mortify, mortician
mortalis, mortale - mortal (adjective): mortal, mortality

mortuus, a, um - dead (adjective): mortal
mos, moris, m. - habit, custom, manner; pl., character (noun): moral
moveo, movere, movi, motum - to move; affect (verb): move, motion, motive, motivation

mulier, mulieris, f. - woman (noun): mulierous
multum - much (adverb): multi-purpose
multus, a, um - much, many (adjective): multeity, multiplex

mundus, mundi, m. - world, universe (noun): mundane
munio, munire, munivi, munitum - to fortify; strengthen; protect, defend; build (verb): munition, munify
muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatum - to change, alter, exchange (verb): mutate

narro, narrare, narravi, narratum - to tell, report; narrate (verb): narrator, narrative
nascor, nasci, natus sum - to be born; spring forth, arise (verb): nation, renascent, enascent
nasus, nasi, m. - nose (noun): nose (cognate), nasal

nata, natae, f. - daughter (noun): native
natura, naturae, f. - nature (noun): nature, natural
natus, nati m. - son, child (noun): innate

nauta, nautae, m. - sailor (noun): nautical
navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatum - to sail (verb): navigate
navis, navis, f. - ship, boat (noun): navigation, naval, navy

ne - not; in order that not, that not; lest (conjunction): not (cognate)
necesse - necessary, inevitable (adjective): necessary, necessitude
neco, necare, necavi, necatum - to murder, kill (verb): enecate (obsolete)

neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectum - to neglect (verb): neglect
nego, negare, negavi, negatum - to deny, say not (verb): negate, negative
nemus, nemoris n. - wood, forest (noun): nemoral

nepos, nepotis, m. - grandson, descendant (noun): nepotism
nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitum - not to know, be ignorant (verb): nescient
neuter, neutra, neutrum - neither (adjective): neutral, neutralize

nihil - nothing (noun): annihilate, nihilism, nil
nihilum, nihili n. - nothing (noun): nihilism, annihilate
nimis - too, too much (adverb): nimiety

nimium - too, too much (adverb): nimiety
nisi - if - not; unless (conjunction): nisi (law)
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitum + dat. - to do harm to, harm, injure (verb): nocuous, nocent, innocent

nolo, nolle, nolui - to not wish, be unwilling (verb): nolens volens, nolition (obsolete)
nomen, nominis, n. - name (noun): nominate, name, nominal
nosco, noscere - to get to know; learn, find out; recognize (verb): know (cognate), noscible, notion

noster, nostra, nostrum - our (adjective): nostratic, paternoster
notus, a, um - well known, familiar; esteemed (adjective): notable, noted
novus, a, um - new; last (adjective): new (cognate), novice, novel, renovate

nox, noctis, f. - night (noun): equinox, nocturnal, night (cognate)
noxa, noxae f. - harm, injury (noun): noxious, obnoxious, noxal
nubes, nubis, f. - cloud (noun): nubia, nubiferous

nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptum - to cover, veil; to be married to, marry (+ dat.) (verb): nubile, nuptial
nullus, a, um - no, none (adjective): nullify
numen, numinis n. - divinity, divine will (noun): numen, numinal (rare)

numerus, numeri, m. - number (noun): numerical, numerate
nunc - now (adverb): now (cognate)
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatum - to announce, report, relate (verb): nunciation (obsolete), announce

nutrix, nutricis f. - nurse (noun): nutrice (rare), nutritious
ob - (with Acc.) on account of, for the sake of, for (preposition): obtain, obtest

obeo, obire, obii, obitum - to go up against, meet; die (verb): obituary
obitus, obitus m - downfall, death, setting (of the sun) (noun): obituary
oblecto, oblectare, oblectavi, oblectatum - to please, amuse, delight; pass time pleasantly (verb): oblectate (rare)

obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum - to forget (verb): oblivion
obsto, obstare, obstiti, obstatum - to oppose, hinder (verb): obstant, obstacle
occasio, occasionis, f. - occasion, opportunity (noun): occasion, occasional

occido, occidere, occidi, occasum - to fall down; die; set (verb): occidental
occulte - secretly (adverb): occult, occultism
oculus, oculi, m. - eye (noun): ocular

odi, odisse, osurum - to hate (verb): odious
odium, odii, n. - hatred (noun): odium, odious
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatum - to offer (verb): offer, offertory

officium, officii, n. - duty, service (noun): office, officer, officiate
omnis, omne - every, all (adjective): omnipresence, omnibus
opinio, opinionis f. - opinion (noun): opinion, opinionated

opinor, opinari, opinatus sum - to suppose (verb): opinion, opinionated
oportet, oportere, oportuit - it is proper, right, necessary (verb): opportune
oppidum, oppidi n. - town (noun): oppidan

opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressum - to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check (verb): oppress
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatum - to fight against, attack, assault, assail (verb): oppugn, oppugnant
ops, opis, f. - help, aid; pl., resources, power, wealth (noun): opulence, copious

optimus, a, um - best (adjective): optimal, optimism
opto, optare, optavi, optatum - to choose, select; wish, desire; (verb): opt, option
opus, operis, n. - work, task; deed, accomplishment (noun): opus, operary, operation

oratio, orationis, f. - speech (noun): oration, orator
orator, oratoris, m. - orator, speaker (noun): orator, oratory, oration
orbis, orbis n. - circle, territory; region (noun): orb, orbit

orior, oriri, ortus sum - to rise, arise; spring from, appear (verb): origin, exort (obsolete)
orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatum - to equip, furnish, adorn (verb): orn (obsolete), ornate
oro, orare, oravi, oratum - to speak, plead; beg, beseech, entreat (verb): oration, perorate, oratory

ortus, ortus m. - rise, origin; birth; source (noun): ortive (obsolete)
os, oris, n. - mouth (noun): oral
osculum, osculi, n. - kiss (noun): osculate, osculatory

ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentum - to exhibit, show, display (verb): ostend (obsolete), ostentatious, ostensible
otium, otii, n. - leisure, peace (noun): otious
paene - almost (adverb): peninsula, penultuma

paenitet, paenitere, paenituit - it displeases, makes angry, makes sorry (verb): penitent
par, paris - equal, like (adjective): par, parity
parens, parentis, m./f. - parent (noun): parent, parental

paro, parare, paravi, paratum - to prepare, provide, get, obtain (verb): prepare
pars, partis, f. - part, share; direction (noun): part, partial, party
parvus, a, um - small, little (adjective): parvule

patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactum - to make open, open; disclose, expose (verb): patefaction (obsolete)
pateo, patere, patui - to be open, lie open, be accessible, be evident (verb): patent, patulous
pater, patris, m. - father (noun): father (cognate), patricide, paternal

patientia, patientiae, f. - suffering; patience, endurance (noun): patience, patient
patior, pati, passus sum - to suffer, endure, permit (verb): patience, patient, pass
patria, patriae, f. - fatherland, country (noun): patriot

pauci, ae, a - few (adjective): paucity
paulus, a, um - small, little (adjective): Paul
pauper, pauperis - poor (adjective): pauper, poor, poverty

paupertas, paupertatis, f. - poverty, humble circumstances (noun): pauper, poverty
pax, pacis, f. - peace (noun): peace, pacifist, pacable
pectus, pectoris, n. - breast, heart (noun): pectoral

pecunia, pecuniae, f. - money (noun): pecuniary, pecunial
peior, peius - worse (adjective): impair, pejorative
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum - to strike, push, drive out, banish (verb): pulse, repell, expell

per + acc. - through (preposition): pervade, perplex
peregrinor, peregrinari, peregrinatus sum - to travel abroad, wander (verb): peregrinate, peregrination
pereo, perire, perii, peritum - to pass away, be destroyed, perish (verb): perish

perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectum - to finish; execute; bring about, accomplish (verb): perfect, perfection, perficient (rare)
periculum, periculi, n. - danger (noun): peril
pernocto, pernoctare, pernoctavi, pernoctatum - to spend the night (verb): pernoctate, pernoctation, pernoctalian

perpetuus, a, um - eternal, perpetual, continuous (adjective): perpetual, perpetuate, perpetuiuty
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum + dat. - to make sweet to, persuade (verb): persuade
pes, pedis, m. - foot (noun): pedicure, pedestrian, biped

pessimus, a, um - worst (adjective): pessimism
peto, petere, petivi, petitum - to seek, aim at, beg, beseech (verb): petition, petitive, petulant
philosophia, philosophiae, f. - philosophy (noun): philosophy

philosophus, philosophi, m. - philosopher (noun): philospher, philosophy
piger, pigra, pigrum - lazy, slow (adjective): pigritious (obsolete)
pius, a, um - loyal, dutiful pious (adjective): pious, piety

placeo, placere, placui, placitum + dat. - to be pleasing to, please (verb): please, placid, pleasure
plebs, plebis, f. - the common people, populace, plebeians (noun): plebs, plebe, plebeian, plebiscitum
plenus, a, um - full (adjective): plenitude, complete

plurimum - most, very much (adverb): plural, plurality
plurimus, a, um - most (adjective): plural
plus, pluris - more (adjective): plus, plural

poena, poenae, f. - penalty, punishment (noun): penal, penalty
poeta, poetae, m. - poet (noun): poet, poetry
polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum - promise (verb): pollicitate (obsolete), policy

pono, ponere, posui, positum - to put, place, set (verb): pose, postpone, preposition
populus, populi, m. - people (noun): popular, populate
porta, portae, f. - gate, entrance, door (noun): port

porto, portare, portavi, portatum - to carry, bring (verb): portable, porter
possum, posse, potui - to be able, can, have power (verb): posse, potence
post + acc. - after, behind (preposition): postmodern

potens, potentis - powerful, able, strong (adjective): potentate, potential
prae + abl. - in front of, before (preposition): preeminent, premature
praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitum - to offer, provide (verb): prebition

praefero, praeferre, praetuli, praelatum - to carry in front of; offer; give preference to (verb): prefer
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus - to put in charge (verb): prefect, prefecture
praemium, praemii, n. - reward (noun): premium, premiate (rare)

praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitum - to excel; show, offer, supply, furnish (verb): prestation
praesum, praeesse, praefui - be in charge, be present (verb): to be present
praeter + acc. - besides, except (preposition): preternatural, preterea

precor, precari, precatus sum - beg, wish, pray (verb): prayer imprecate, precarious, precatory
premo, premere, pressi, pressum - to press, press hard, pursue (verb): press, pressure, compression
pretium, pretii n. - price, value (noun): price, precious

primo - at first, at the beginning (adverb): primary, prime
primum - at first, in the first place (adverb): primary, prime
primus, a, um - first (adjective): prime, primordial

princeps, principis - chief, foremost (adjective): prince, principal
princeps, principis, m. - leader, chief, emperor (noun): prince, principal
principium, principii, n. - beginning (noun): principle

prior, prius - former (adjective): prior, priority
pristinus, a, um - ancient; former, previous (adjective): pristine
pro + abl. - in front of, before, instead of, on behalf of (preposition): provisional, prorated

probitas, probitatis, f. - uprightness, honesty (noun): provbity
probo, probare, probavi, probatum - to test; approve; recommend (verb): probe, prove, approbate
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum - to set out, start (verb): profection (rare), profectitious

progredior, progredi, progressus sum - to go, come forth, go forward, march forward (verb): progress, progression
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum - to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit (verb): prohibit, prohibition
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissum - to send forth; promise (verb): promise

pronuntio, pronuntiare, pronuntiavi, pronuntiatum - to pronounce, announce, proclaim (verb): pronounce
propter + acc. - on account of, because (preposition): propternuptial
prosum, prodesse, profui - to be useful, benefit, (with Dat.) (verb): product

provincia, provinciae - province (noun): province, provincial
proximus, a, um - nearest, next (adjective): proximity
publicus, a, um - public (adjective): public, publicize

pudet, pudere, puduit, puditus est - it shames, make ashamed (verb): pudent, impudent
pudicus, a, um - modest, chaste (adjective): pudicity
puella, puellae, f. - girl (noun): puellarity

puer, pueri, m. - boy; pl., children (noun): puerile
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum - to fight (verb): pugnatory, oppugn, repugn
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum - beautiful, handsome (adjective): pulcherify, pulcheritude

puto, putare, putavi, putatum - to reckon, suppose, suppose, think, imagine (verb): putative, impute, dispute
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum - to seek, look for, strive for, ask, inquire (verb): quest, question, inquire
qualis, quale - what kind of (adjective): quality, qualify

quam - how (adverb): plusquamperfect
quantus, a, um - how large, how great, how much (adjective): quantity, quantify
quare - wherefore, why, because of which (adverb): quary (obsolete)

quasi - as if, as it were (adverb): quasi
-que - and (enclitic): "filioque (""and from the Son"")"
queror, queri, questus sum - to complain, lament (verb): query, quarrel, querimony

qui, quae, quod - who, which, what, that (pronoun): quoddity, sine qua non, quib
qui? quae? quod? - what? which? what kind? (adjective): quiddity, quoddity
quid - what? (pronoun): quiddity

quidam, quaedam, quiddam - a certain one, thing;someone, something (pronoun): forensic
quinque - five (adjective): quintuplets
quis, quid (indef.) - anyone, anything, someone, something (pronoun): quiddity

quis? quid? - who? what? (pronoun): quiddity
quoad - as long as, as far as (conjunction): quoad, quoad hoc (to this extent)
quot - how many, as many as (adjective): quota, quotient, quotiety

radius, radii m. - ray, rod (noun): radio, radiant, radial
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptum - to seize, snatch, carry away (verb): rape, rapture
ratio, rationis, f. - reckoning, account, reason, judgment, manner (noun): rational

recipio, recipere, recepi, receptum - to take back, regain, admit, receive (verb): receipt, reception, receptor
recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatum - to recite (verb): recite. Recital
recognosco, recognoscere, recognovi, recognitum - to recognize, recollect (verb): recognize, recognition

recreo, recreare, recreavi, recreatum - to restore, revive; refresh, cheer (verb): recreate, recreation
recuso, recusare, recusavi, recusatum - to refuse (verb): recuse, recusation, irrecusable
redeo, redire, redii, reditum - to go back, return (verb): redient (rare), redition (rare)

refero, referre, rettuli, relatum - to carry back, bring back; repeat, answer (verb): refer, refery
regina, reginae, f. - queen (noun): reginist (obsolete)
rego, regere, rexi, rectum - to rule, guide, direct (verb): reign, region, regent

relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictum - to leave behind, leave, abandon, desert (verb): relinquish, relict, derelict
remaneo, remanere, remansi, remansum - to remain, stay (verb): remain, permanent
remedium, remedii, n. - cure, remedy (noun): remedy

remissio, remissionis, f. - letting go, release; relaxation (noun): remission, remit, remittance
removeo, removere, removi, remotum - move back; put away; withdraw; remove (verb): remove
reperio, reperire, repperi, repertum - to find, discover, learn, get (verb): reperible, repertorium

requiesco, requiescere, requievi, requietum - to rest (verb): requiescence, requiesce (rare)
requiro, requirere, requisivi, requisitum - to seek, ask for, miss, need, require (verb): require, requirement
res publica, rei publicae, f. - state, commonwealth, republic (noun): republic, republican

res, rei, f. - thing, matter, business, affair (noun): real, rebus, republic
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsum - to answer (verb): respond
retego, retegere, retexi, retectum - to uncover, reveal (verb): retection (obsolete)

reverto, revertere, reverti, reversum - to turn back (verb): revert
rex, regis, m. - king (noun): regicide, regal
rideo, ridere, risi, risum - to laugh, laugh at (verb): ridicule, risible, deride

ridiculus, a, um - laughable, ridiculous (adjective): ridiculous, ridicule
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatum - to ask (verb): rogation, interrogate, prerogatory
Romanus, a, um - Roman (adjective): romanize, romance (languages)

ruina, ruinae f. - ruin, destruction (noun): ruin
rumor, rumoris, m. - rumor, gossip (noun): rumor
ruo, ruere, rui, rutus - to fall, rush (verb): ruin

rus, ruris, n. - the country, countryside (noun): rustic, rural
rusticor, rusticari, rusticatus sum - to live in the country (verb): rusticate, rural
sacerdos, sacerdotis, m. - priest (noun): sacerdotal, sacerdocy

saevus, a, um - cruel (adjective): savage
sal, salis, m. - salt; wit (noun): salt (cognate)
salus, salutis, f. - health, safety; greeting (noun): salute, salutary

salveo, salvere - to be well (verb): salutary, safe, salubrity, salutation
salvus, a, um - safe, sound (adjective): salvation, safe
sanus, a, um - sound, healthy, sane (adjective): sane, sanity

sapiens, sapientis - wise, judicious (adjective): sapience, sapiential
sapiens, sapientis, m. - wise man, philosopher (noun): sapient
sapientia, sapientiae, f. - wisdom (noun): sapience, sapientipotent

sapio, sapere, sapui - to have good taste; have good sense, be wise (verb): sapid, sapient
satio, satiare, satiavi, satiatum - to satisfy, sate (verb): satiate, insatiable
satis - enough, sufficient (adjective): satisfaction, saturate

sator, satoris, m. - sower, planter; begetter, father; founder (noun): satorious (obsolete)
satura, saturae, f. - satire (noun): satire, satirical
saxum, saxi, n. - rock, stone (noun): saxifrage, saxous

scelus, sceleris, n. - evil deed, crime (noun): scelerate, scelerous (obsolete)
scientia, scientiae, f. - knowledge (noun): science
scio, scire, scivi, scitum - to know (verb): science, conscience

scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum - to write (verb): scribe, postscriptum, scriptorium
scriptor, scriptoris, m. - writer (noun): scriptorium
secundus, a, um - second; favorable (adjective): second,

sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum - to sit (verb): sit (cognate), sedan, sediment
semel - once, a single time (adverb): semelparity (biology)
semper - always (adverb): sempiternal, sempervirent

senectus, senectutis, f. - old age (noun): senectitude
senex, senis, m. - old (man) (adjective): senectitude, senile
sensus, sensus, m. - sense, feeling (noun): sense, sensual

sententia, sententiae, f. - feeling, thought; opinion; sentence (noun): sentence, sentimental
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum - to feel, perceive, think (verb): sensation, sense, sensory
sequor, sequi, secutus sum - to follow (verb): sequence, prosecute

sereno, serenare, serenavi, serenatum - to make clear, brighten; cheer up, soothe (verb): serenate (obsolete), serene
serva, servae, f. - slave (female) (noun): serve, service
servio, servire, servivi, servitum + dat. - to be a slave to, serve (verb): serve, servant

servitus, servitutis, f. - slavery, servitude (noun): servitude, serve
servo, servare, servavi, servatum - to preserve, keep, save (verb): serve, servant, servile, servitude
servus, servi, m. - slave (male) (noun): serve, service

sidus, sideris, n. - constellation, star (noun): sideral, siderous (obsolete)
signum, signi, n. - sign, signal, seal, indication (noun): sign, signature
similis, simile - similar, resembling (adjective): similar, simile, assimilate

sine - without (preposition): "sincere (""without wax""), sine qua non (""indispensable"")"
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum - left, left-hand (adjective): sinister, sinistrous
socius, socii m. - associate, companion; ally (noun): social, society

sol, solis, m. - sun (noun): solar, solstice
solacium, solacii, n. - comfort, relief (noun): solace
soleo, solere, solitus sum - to be accustomed (verb): insolent, obsolesce

sollers, sollertis m. - skilled, expert (noun): solert (obsolete)
solus, a, um - alone, only (adjective): sole, solitude
somnus, somni, m. - sleep, dream (noun): insomnia, somnambulism

soror, sororis, f. - sister (noun): sorority, sister (cognate)
sors, sortis f. - lot, destiny (noun): sort, sorcery, sortilege (rare)
spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsum - to scatter, strew, sprinkle

(verb): spare, sparse
species, speciei f. - appearance (noun): species, conspicuous
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatum - to look at, see (verb): spectator, spectacle
speculum, speculi, n. - mirror (noun): speculum, specular

spero, sperare, speravi, speratum - to hope for, hope (verb): despair
spiritus, spiritus, m. - breath, spirit, soul (noun): spirit, aspiration, spiritual
statua, statuae f. - statue (noun): statue

stella, stellae, f. - star, planet (noun): stellar, constellation
sto, stare, steti, statum - to stand, stand still (verb): stand, stance, state
studeo, studere, studui + dat. - to direct one's zeal to, be eager for, study (verb): study, storious, student

studium, studii, n. - eagerness, zeal, pursuit (noun): student, studious
stultus, a, um - foolish (adjective): stultitious, stolid
suavis, suave - sweet (adjective): suave

sub + abl. - under, up under (preposition): submarine, subnormal
sub + acc. - under, up under, close to (preposition): submarine, subnormal
subito - suddenly (adverb): subite (obsolete)

sublimis, sublime - elevated, lofty; heroic, noble (adjective): sublime, sublimity
subrideo, subridere, subrisi, subrisum - to smile down upon (verb): subride (obsolete), subrision (rare)
sui, sibi, se, se - -self (reflexive) (pronoun): suicide

sum, esse, fui, futurum - to be (verb): essence
summus, a, um - highest (adjective): sum, summit
superbus, a, um - proud, arrogant, overbearing, haughty (adjective): superb, superbity

superior, superius - higher; the gods above (adjective): superior, super
supero, superare, superavi, superatum - to be above, surpass; overcome, conquer (verb): super
supersum, superesse, superfui - to be left over; survive (verb): superessive (Grammar)

superus, a, um - above, upper (adjective): superior, super
supremus, a, um - highest, upper, last (adjective): supreme, supremity
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum - to get up, arise (verb): surge, insurge

suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptum - to undertake; support (verb): susception, susceptive
suspendo, suspendere, suspendi, suspensum - to hang up, suspend; interrupt (verb): suspend, suspension
sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentum - to support; check; put off; sustain (verb): sustain, sustainable

suus, a, um - his, her, its, their (own) (adjective): suicide
Syracusae, Syracusarum, f. - Syracuse (noun): Syracuse
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitum - to be silent, leave unmentioned

(verb): tacent, tacid, conticent
talis, tale - such, of such a sort (adjective): tally, retaliate
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactum - to touch (verb): tangible, tango, tactile
tantum - only, so much (adverb): plurale tantum (grammar)

tantus, a, um - so large, so great, of such a size (adjective): tantamount
tantus..quantus - just as much as (adjective): tantamount
te - you (pronoun): thee (cognate)

tego, tegere, texi, tectum - to cover, defend; hide (verb): protect, protection, protectorate
tempestas, tempestatis, f. - period of time, season; weather; storm (noun): tempest, tempestuous
tempto, temptare, temptavi, temptatum - to test, try; urge (verb): tempt, temptation

tempus, temporis, n. - time (noun): temporary, tense
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum - to hold, keep, possess (verb): tenent, obtain, contain, maintain
tergum, tergi n. - back (noun): tergant (rare)

terra, terrae, f. - earth, land (noun): terral, terrene, territory
terreo, terrere, terrui, territum - to terrify (verb): terrify, terrible, deter
timeo, timere, timui - to fear (verb): timid, intimidate

timor, timoris, m. - fear (noun): timorous
tolero, tolerare, toleravi, toleratum - to bear, endure (verb): tolerate, tolerance
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum - to raise, lift up; take away, remove, destroy (verb): extoll

tot - so many (adjective): totient, total
totus, a, um - whole, entire (adjective): total
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditum - to give over, surrender; hand down, transmit,teach (verb): trade, traitor

traho, trahere, traxi, tractum - to draw, drag, derive (verb): tractor, traction, trace
trans + acc. - across (preposition): trans-Atlantic, transgress
transeo, transire, transii, transitum - to go across, cross; pass over, ignore (verb): transition, transit

transitus, transitus, m. - passing over, transit, transition (noun): transition, transit
tres, tria - three (adjective): three (cognate), tri-county, trinity
tristis, triste - sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe (adjective): tristesse

Troia, Troiae, f. - Troy (noun): Troy, Trojan
tu, tui - you (pronoun): thou (cognate)
turba, turbae, f. - mob, crowd, disturbance (noun): turbulent, disturb

turpis, turpe - ugly, shameful, base, disgraceful (adjective): turpitude
tuus, a, um - your (adjective): thou, thine (cognate)
tyrannus, tyranni, m. - tyrant (noun): tyrant, tyrannical

ubi - when, where, where? (conjunction): ubiquitous
ullus, a, um - any (adjective): nullify
ultimus, a, um - farthest, extreme; last (adjective): ultimatum

ultra - on the other side, beyond (adverb): ultrasonic, ultramarine
ultra + acc. - on the other side, beyond (preposition): ultrasonic, ultramarine
unda, undae f. - wave (noun): undate, undulate

unus, a, um - one, single, alone (adjective): unity, unite, unanimous
urbanus, a, um - of the city, urban, urbane (adjective): urbane, urban
urbs, urbis, f. - city; City of Rome (noun): urban, suburb

urna, urnae f. - urn (noun): urn
usus, usus m. - use, advantage, enjojment (noun): use, usable
uter, utra, utrum - either, which (of two) (adjective): neuter

utilis, utile - useful, advantageous (adjective): utility, utilize
utor, uti, usus sum + abl. - to use; enjoy, experience (verb): use, utile
uxor, uxoris, f. - wife (noun): uxorious, uxoricide

valeo, valere, valui, valiturum - to be strong; have power; be well (verb): valeology, valid
validus, a, um - strong, healthy (adjective): valid, validity, invalid
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditum - to sell (verb): vendor, vending

venia, veniae f. - favor, kindness (noun): venial, veniable
venio, venire, veni, ventum - to come (verb): advent, convent, convene
ventus, venti, m. - wind (noun): wind (cognate), ventose

verbum, verbi, n. - word (noun): verb, verbose, verbal
vereor, vereri, veritus sum - to show reverence for, respect (verb): verecund, revere
veritas, veritatis, f. - truth (noun): verity, verify

vero - but; in truth, indeed, to be sure, however (adverb): verify, verity
versus, versus, m. - verse (noun): verse, versification
verto, vertere, verti, versum - to turn, change (verb): verse, vertex, avert

verus, a, um - true, real; proper (adjective): verity, verify
vesper, vesperis, m. - evening; evening star (noun): vespers
vetus, veteris - old (adjective): veterate, veteran

via, viae, f. - way, road, street (noun): via, obvious, viaduct
vicina, vicinae, f. - neighbor (noun): vicinity, vicinate (obsolete)
vicinus, vicini, m. - neighbor (noun): vicinity

victoria, victoriae, f. - victory (noun): victory, victorious
video, videre, vidi, visum - to see (verb): video, vision
videor, videri, visus sum - to be seen, seem (verb): video, vision, visual

vigor, vigoris m. - liveliness, vigor, activity (noun): vigor, vigorous
vinco, vincere, vici, victum - to conquer (verb): victor, invincible, vanquish
vinum, vini, n. - wine (noun): wine (cognate), vinous

violo, violare, violavi, violatum - to violate, dishonor; outrage (verb): violate, violent
vir, viri, m. - man (noun): virile, virility
virgo, virginis, f. - maiden, virgin (noun): virgin, virginity

virtus, virtutis, f. - manliness, courage, excellence, virtue (noun): virtue, virtuous
vis, vis, f. - force (noun): virial
vita, vitae, f. - life (noun): vital

vitium, vitii, n. - fault, crime; vice (noun): vice, vicious
vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatum - to avoid, shun (verb): evite (obsolete), inevitable
vivo, vivere, vixi, victum - to live (verb): survive, vivid, revive

vivus, a, um - alive, living (adjective): vivisection, quick (cognate)
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum - to call (verb): vocation
volo, velle, volui - to wish, want, be willing, will (verb): benevolent, malevolent, voluntary

voluptas, voluptatis, f. - pleasure (noun): voluptuous
vox, vocis, f. - voice, word (noun): voice, vocal
vulgus, vulgi, m. - the common people, mob, rabble (noun): vulgar, vulgate

vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratum - to wound, harm, distress (verb): vulnerate, vulneration, vulnerable
vulnus, vulneris, n. - wound (noun): vulnerable, vulnerose
vultus, vultus, m. - countenance, face (noun): vultuosous (obsolete), invultation (rare)

  • #latin language
  • #wordlists