Greek language

Most texts and materials on this site have to do with the Latin language, including its perception in popular culture: movies, tattoos, inscriptions, engravings, bits of ancient philosophy, online Latin resources and company names. There is also information about learning Latin and Greek: textbooks, dictionaries, DVDs and software that can be used in a homeschooling environment.

"The Christ Bowl" - a sad excuse for biblical archaeology


A team of scientists led by renowned French marine archaeologist Franck Goddio recently announced that they have found a bowl, dating to between the late 2nd century B.C. and the early 1st century A.D., that is engraved with what they believe could be the world's first known reference to Christ.
The full engraving on the bowl reads, "DIA CHRSTOU O GOISTAIS," which has been interpreted by the excavation team to mean either, "by Christ the magician" or, "the magician by Christ."

Well, first of all I would really like to see the other side of the bowl... But let us look at what's available:


Christ in Greek is normally spelled XRICTOC, but I have found a few inscriptions where H is used.However, XPHCTOC is also an adjective meaning 'excellent', 'meek', 'useful', 'noble'. This alone significantly increases the number of interpretations of the inscription.

But what I would REALLY like to see is what stands for O GOISTAIS. The Greek word they have in mind must be GOHC (charlatan, magician), but what is GOISTAIS???

If there is a Bible reference here, it is best to interpret GOISTAIS as Gestas, one of the thieves who were crucified next to Christ. :) Then the inscription makes total sense grammatically:

"Gestas, Through Christ"

It is known, of course, that it was Dismas, not Gesmas who was saved by Jesus. So, the inscription must imply that early Christians believed that God's compassion is so great that even the foolish taunter of Christ eventually received pardon and salvation. Trust me, this interpretation is no worse that the "magic" one, but at least I am not making a big deal out of it!

Main gods and goddesses of the Greek and Roman mythology - a memory game

Tuesday, August 26, 2008, 22:26 - Ancient Greek Language, Software, World History: Ancient, Medieval & Modern, Mythology
Posted by Administrator
Just added:

Greek and Roman Gods and Goddesses: a Memory game

I only had enough room for the main deities. Conveniently enough, there were twelve "spots", just enough for all the Olympian gods. The original Greek names and the Roman equivalents are included. Perhaps some students will find this useful.

See also:
Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome

Greek Alphabet

Wednesday, July 30, 2008, 20:07 - Ancient Greek Language
Posted by Administrator
Another little Flash program of mine:

Learn the Greek alphabet

Nothing too fancy, but may be useful especially if someone experiences difficulties with the order of the letters. The program includes a Greek alphabet chart, a learning mode chart and three testing modules.

Codex Sinaiticus Online

Monday, July 21, 2008, 20:02 - Books, dictionaries and texts, Ancient Greek Language
Posted by Administrator
Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. Its heavily corrected text is of outstanding importance for the history of the Bible and the manuscript - the oldest substantial book to survive Antiquity - is of supreme importance for the history of the book.

This Website will go live on July 24, 2008

Truly, a marvelous codex. I saw it in London. Now we can all have our own printouts, I hope. I wonder if it is going to show up on Google Books :)

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