World History: Ancient, Medieval & Modern

Most texts and materials on this site have to do with the Latin language, including its perception in popular culture: movies, tattoos, inscriptions, engravings, bits of ancient philosophy, online Latin resources and company names. There is also information about learning Latin and Greek: textbooks, dictionaries, DVDs and software that can be used in a homeschooling environment.


Extreme makeovers: Ancient style.

 
Friday, October 18, 2013, 15:05 - World History: Ancient, Medieval & Modern
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According to Cassio Dio's Roman History (58, 22), Sextus Marius, an incredibly wealthy Plebeian, once demonstrated his might to a neighbor in a rather unusual way. Marius invited the man (with whom he had a dispute) to stay with him as a guest for two days. On the first day, Marius had the neighbor's villa completely demolished. On the second day the villa was rebuilt on a much more impressive scale. Marius told the stupefied neighbor that he knew how to defend his interests and how to repay favors.

Marius' immense wealth ended up costing his life. In 33 A.D. the Emperor Tiberius, coveting his riches, had him condemned to death and thrown from the Tarpeian Rock.

Also found in A Cabinet of Roman Curiosities by J. C. McKeown.

Antique maps and compasses on CD

 
Saturday, October 30, 2010, 20:14 - World History: Ancient, Medieval & Modern
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People often ask me about the source of the beautiful antique compass image that I use on this site. Well, today it will be revealed!

I have an old CD (practically antique in its own right) published in 1995, entitled "Extraordinary Cartographic Motifs". It has several compass images (some are possibly even more stunning than the one I used, but I like mine because of its black background). The images are in fairly good resolution. I might use them to make mugs or calendars one day :)

The closest thing I was able to find on Amazon is this:

Antique/Historical Clip Art Maps


"The Christ Bowl" - a sad excuse for biblical archaeology

 


A team of scientists led by renowned French marine archaeologist Franck Goddio recently announced that they have found a bowl, dating to between the late 2nd century B.C. and the early 1st century A.D., that is engraved with what they believe could be the world's first known reference to Christ.
...
The full engraving on the bowl reads, "DIA CHRSTOU O GOISTAIS," which has been interpreted by the excavation team to mean either, "by Christ the magician" or, "the magician by Christ."


http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26972493/

Well, first of all I would really like to see the other side of the bowl... But let us look at what's available:

DIAXRHCTOU

Christ in Greek is normally spelled XRICTOC, but I have found a few inscriptions where H is used.However, XPHCTOC is also an adjective meaning 'excellent', 'meek', 'useful', 'noble'. This alone significantly increases the number of interpretations of the inscription.

But what I would REALLY like to see is what stands for O GOISTAIS. The Greek word they have in mind must be GOHC (charlatan, magician), but what is GOISTAIS???

If there is a Bible reference here, it is best to interpret GOISTAIS as Gestas, one of the thieves who were crucified next to Christ. :) Then the inscription makes total sense grammatically:

"Gestas, Through Christ"

It is known, of course, that it was Dismas, not Gesmas who was saved by Jesus. So, the inscription must imply that early Christians believed that God's compassion is so great that even the foolish taunter of Christ eventually received pardon and salvation. Trust me, this interpretation is no worse that the "magic" one, but at least I am not making a big deal out of it!

Main gods and goddesses of the Greek and Roman mythology - a memory game

 
Tuesday, August 26, 2008, 22:26 - Ancient Greek Language, Software, World History: Ancient, Medieval & Modern, Mythology
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Just added:

Greek and Roman Gods and Goddesses: a Memory game

I only had enough room for the main deities. Conveniently enough, there were twelve "spots", just enough for all the Olympian gods. The original Greek names and the Roman equivalents are included. Perhaps some students will find this useful.

See also:
Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome

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